Isis, Divine Mother

Isis is a popular Egyptian goddess, tied to nature, magic, fertility, motherhood and family.  She is also seen as a goddess of rebirth, reincarnation, and protector of the dead.  Her other names include Divine Mother, Mistress of the West, Queen of the Earth, Lady of Truth, Giver of Life, and Mistress of the Tomb of Osiris.  Her popularity spread from Egypt as far as Greece and Rome, and cults of worship existed until at least the 6th century AD.

File:Isis.svg

Isis is the daughter of the earth god Geb and the sky goddess Nut, and sister to Osiris, Set/Seth, Nephthys and Horus the Elder in some descriptions.  She married her brother Osiris, the god of grain, and it is thought that together they created Horus, the powerful hawk-headed god of war and protection.

Their brother Set, jealous of Osiris, plotted to kill him.  In one story, Set violently attacks Osiris, cutting his body into many pieces.  Distraught over her husband’s death, Isis restores his body to life after collecting the scattered body parts and embalming them in linen.  It is thought that this started the tradition of mummification in Egypt.

File:Ägyptischer Maler um 1360 v. Chr. 001.jpg

Isis was known as ‘Aset’ in Egypt, meaning ‘Queen of the Throne’, and was often depicted wearing a throne headdress.  This throne represented the Pharoah’s power, therefore Isis was seen as powerful goddess and protector of the throne.

Isis is closely associated with Hathor, and the two are sometimes confused.  It is believed that Isis later assimilated with Hathor, her throne headdress replaced with Hathor’s cow horns surrounding a sun disc.  Isis is also often seen holding an ankh, sistrum rattle or lotus.

Isis-philae

Isis is also associated with the tiet or tyet, a knotted symbol similar to the ankh.  Translated as ‘welfare’ or ‘life’, it is also called the Knot of Isis, Buckle of Isis, or Blood of Isis.  The tiet is thought to symbolize eternal life or resurrection.

Another popular image of Isis is of her suckling the young Horus on her lap.  Some say that this inspired the traditional Christian image of Madonna and Child, the Virgin Mary with Jesus, which appeared after the 5th century.

Isis was seen as a role model to women, representing femininity, strength, and resilience.  She can be called upon to assist you in turning around a bad situation in your favour.

Ancient Egypt Online – Isis
Thalia Took – Isis
About.com – Isis
Wiki – Isis
Goddess Gift – Isis

© A Year And A Day (2013)

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Bast, Goddess of Cats

Bast (Pagan Blog Project)
Bastet, Baast, Baset, Ubasti, Pasch, Pasht, Ailuros, Aelurus

  • A popular ancient Egyptian feline goddess.
  • Patron of the sun, the moon, lions, cats, women, sex, fertility, passion and secrets.  Also associated with perfume and protective ointments.
  • Bast is also known as a war goddess, protector of the lands.

File:British Museum Egypt 101-black.jpg

  • Originally, Bast was viewed as a fierce lioness, protector goddess of Lower Egypt.  She defended the pharaoh and the male deity Ra, giving her the names Lady of the Flame and Eye of Ra.  She was also seen as the daughter of Ra.
  • Once the Egyptian cultures unified, the fierce lioness war deity Sekhmet became more dominant.  Bast was renamed Bastet and began to be associated with domesticated cats and seen as a mother deity.
  • The Greeks later associated her with the moon and children, and likened her to Artemis.

Bast - Emily Balivet

  • Bast was sometimes depicted holding a ceremonial sistrum (rattle) in one hand and an aegis in the other, the aegis usually resembling a collar or gorget embellished with a lioness head.  She is also associated with the all-seeing eye (the utchat).
  • Bast was known for her wrath, and was thought to punish the sinful and enemies of Egypt.

Bast -_Susan Seddon-Boulet

  • Cats were revered in Egypt, especially due to their connection with stopping the spread of disease by killing vermin.
  • As cats were sacred to Bast, and harming one was a great crime.
  • Although Bast was widely worshipped, the powerful city of Bubastis (Per-Bast in Egyptian, “House of Bastet”) was the centre of her cult.
  • More than 300,000 mummified cats were discovered when Bast’s temple at Bubastis/Per-Bast was excavated.

Bast

  • Call upon Bast when you feel in danger and need of protection, or when you would like to bring passion into your life.

http://www.touregypt.net/godsofegypt/bast.htm
http://www.crystalinks.com/bast.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bastet
http://spells-witchcraft.org/Cat%20Goddess.htm

© A Year And A Day (2013)