Lady Day, First Harvest, Feast of Bread, Bread Harvest, Festival of First Fruits, August Eve, Gŵyl Galan Awst (Welsh ‘Feast of August’)
Cross-quarter Fire Festival, Greater Sabbat
Lughnasadh is the first of the three harvest festivals and falls halfway between the Summer Solstice (Litha) and the Autumn Equinox (Mabon). Lughnasadh honours the craftsman god Lugh, who created the festival in honour of his foster mother Tailtiu. Lúnasa is also the name for the month of August in modern Irish.
The first grains are harvested at this time, therefore wheat, barley, bread, whiskey and beer is significant. Lughnasadh is also called Lammas, old English for ‘loaf mass’, in honour of the harvest. Lughnasadh is also associated with corn dollies, sun wheels, bonfires, handfastings, the story of John Barleycorn, and the faery goddess Áine.
© A Year And A Day (2013)